How was EMDR developed?
- Shapiro, as part of her Ph.D. program and other environments, had knowledge of the use of eye positioning and movements related to a person accessing various components of memory.
- Shapiro combined various forms of psychotherapy, including the use of eye movements for desensitization into a structure as a way to process the client’s disturbing memories.
- Shapiro speculated that rapid eye movements would replicate the processing that occurs during the REM (Rapid Eye Movement) phase of sleep.
- Shapiro viewed the rapid eye movements as activating the client’s Adaptive Information Processing system, thereby allowing the negative memory networks to be updated to present, known adaptive responses and beliefs.